Magistrate Court

COVID-19 Update. (Page will be updated as changes occur)

 The Magistrate Court takes public health and safety seriously. Therefore, during these uncertain times and pursuant to the Order Declaring Statewide Judicial Emergency issued by the Supreme Court of Georgia which has been extended through June 12 2020, we will be implementing the following changes until further notice:

  • If a landlord wishes to file a dispossessory they can mail the filing to PO Box 7 Jefferson, Ga. 30549. Magistrate forms are available under the "forms" tab on our website. Please complete the Cares Act Affidavit when submitting any Dispossessory to the Clerks Office. This form has been added to our forms page underneath the Dispossessory form.  
  • Parties that had hearings canceled will receive their new court notice via mail to the address on the filing. If any addresses have changed, please contact the clerks office to update.  
  • We have implemented COVID 19 precautions for hearings that we have begun to schedule. We ask that all parties participate via Zoom if possible and reach out to the court administrator to acknowledge participation.  You will be provided further details with your court notice. 
  • All preliminary hearings and first appearances will still take place as scheduled at the courtroom within the Jackson County Sheriff's Office Detention Center. 
  • Judge Green and Judge Brooks will remain available for arrest warrants and search warrants.
  • At this time, we ask that all new filings be submitted to the Clerks Office via mail rather than in person to PO Box 7 Jefferson, GA. 30549. Please note that the mailing address is a permanent mailing change for ALL new filings that became effective January 1, 2020. 
Please contact the Clerks Office at 706-387-6249 with any questions regarding filings. If you have questions concerning a court date please email the Judicial Office Administrator or call the Magistrate Court office at (706)387-6355. Calls and emails will be returned as soon as possible. 
Magistrate Courts are the successors to the justice courts and a wide variety of other courts of limited jurisdiction. The Magistrate Court is most accessible to the public. The individual, encouraged by the lack of formality, as the Magistrate Court is not a court of record, may file a criminal complaint or a civil action without the assistance of an attorney if he so wishes.

Appeal Decisions

Law binds the Magistrate Court to do substantial justice. This does not mean every individual entering the Magistrate Court system is going to win their case, but hopefully they will have felt they have been and have had their day in court. If a party is not satisfied with a decision made by a magistrate in a civil matter, the individual may appeal their case to State or Superior Court in what is called a de novo appeal.


The Magistrate Court not only hears civil actions, but also conducts hearings and trials on criminal cases, such as ordinance violations. The Magistrate Court will hear applications, and issue arrest warrants for law enforcement officers and private citizens if probable cause is found to do so. After hearing a law enforcement officer's sworn affidavit determining probable cause, a magistrate may then issue a search warrant.